Dark spots on the skin due to hormones and the sun: how do you treat them?

dark spots on the face

There is not a woman who has not seen a stain in the mirror, on her face, arms, neckline or legs. If you have more than 40, you can certainly attribute them to the sun. We were young and in the summer we didn’t pay much attention to it sun protection, something that eventually pays off in the long run. But we were also taking birth control pills or were pregnant with fluttering hormones.

What I want to say that all women have had skin spots due to hormonal imbalance and sun. Why? How can we lose them?

Dark spots on the skin: causes

Dark spots on the skin

The spots on the skin are the product of hyperpigmentationthat is, when our body produces for some reason more amount of melanin. Some of these spots come and go and others need more attention, especially if they’re in an awkward spot or very dark and you don’t want to wear makeup all the time.

Dark spots from the sun appear many years after being exposed to the sun like shrimp. For example, I have very sensitive skin and when I was a teenager or in my twenties, I didn’t wear sunscreen on my face. There was nothing wrong with me, it had a nice golden hue and I was very proud, but for some time now several spots have developed on the bridge of my nose or on my forehead or under my eyes.

Some I have removed with a special cream, but as soon as I’m out in the sun others appear and now that I look better I have a few on my neckline and arms. Let’s just say if I don’t do something, I’m destined to be my grandmother. I remember she sat for hours on her patio and even though she died at 100 she was full of dark, light brown or dark brown spots. Where? Well, where the sun gives us, on the back of the hands, on the back, neckline, shoulders and face.

The brown shade will vary depending on the tone of our own skin. If you have a matte complexion or dark skin, you’re in luck, the spots will fade more over the months unless it’s very dark.

The sun is not the only cause of skin spots.so are the hormones. You should take this into account if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, because during those months they can melasmas, those typical discolored spots. These spots can disappear by themselves or we can remove them with a special cream. In general, a visit to the dermatologist is enough to do a small study in the office and then we buy the cream. If it’s stronger, we can do a treatment.

dark spots on the neckline

But yes, most women who get pregnant are afraid of the typical and frequent dark spots on the face. These are terrible spots that appear in the first third of pregnancy and although there are several theories, the exact cause is still unknown.

These spots are nothing more than dark pigmentations that usually appear around the eyes, the nose, the contours of the mouth, cheekbones and forehead, that is, for almost the entire face forming a kind of mask, making the skin take on those two tones.

In addition to sun exposure and raging hormones, whether due to pregnancy, thyroid, medications (phenothiazines, sulfonamides, tetracycline) or taking hormonal birth control pills, it is also said that spots on the skin can be caused by poor nutrition, especially if you suffer from anemia. Also age, injuries or acne scars or natural genetic predisposition.

Stains on the skin: precaution and solution

dark spots on the face

So there are many types of spots: there are melasmas or chloasmas, observed in women of childbearing age and, in general, pregnant women. They are known as “masks” because this distribution continues on the face and part of the neck and although they tend to disappear after delivery, they can last for months or years.

There are also spots that can be caused by insect bites, skin rashes, atopic dermatitis or acne. But is it only women who have spots? Nor men too, but less.

On the other hand, the lentigines or sunspots and senile lentiginesi.e. age spots. They always appear in areas of the body exposed to the sun and can be said to be of ecological origin. They are common after 50 years and do not discriminate between race.

To prevent stains yes or yes we should protect our faces with protectors. At first glance, always Factor 40 up. And if you want color, there are many face shields on the market with a color shade. Then I recommend that you also use Factor 40 on the rest of the body, especially on the neckline, arms, hands and legs. And, yes, remember, carefully cover the moles.

dark spots

How do we make the spots on the skin disappear? With a consultation with the dermatologist. There are whitening creams, for example. The hydroquinone it is very good for that (it cleared the spots on my nose in three months). It is the main ingredient in depigmenting creams and cans associate with glycolic acidor. A common cream of this type has 4% hydroquinone and 10% glycolic acid.

What this cream does is inhibit pigment/melanin production. It is used in a short time It is not known how safe it is in the long run. You will see the area turn red, flake and over time the stain will disappear. Any treatment should be carried out in winter, when the sun’s rays are weaker. Later you will see other over-the-counter manufacturers on the market, but my advice is to always consult a professional.

And if those dark spots don’t go away with a cream there are other treatments: laser treatments, chemical peels, microdermabrasion and the use of liquid nitrogen. That is, there are always options, but the latter are more professional and require professional intervention and good money.

That’s why, There is nothing better than preventing the appearance of skin blemishes from hormonal imbalance and the sun. Today, the behavior towards the sun is much more cautious and it is something that we need to reinforce.

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